Groundcovers, Climbers, Creepers

Grasses, Tussocks and Lilies

Pond, Greywater and Swamp Plants

Small Shrubs (under 1 metre)

Large Shrubs (1-3 metres)

Small Trees (up to 10 metres)

Large Trees (over 10 metres)

  GRASSES, TUSSOCKS & LILIES
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/6SHN67Cnu1VlSvxEWuQgzNMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Arthropodium milleflorum
(Pale Vanilla Lily)


0.3-1.3 m x 30 cm

Grass-like tufted perennial herb

Pale pink or white flowers.

Moist well drained, often rocky, soils; full sun, semi-shade.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/Y9geoIht-odFZgeVq23c3dMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Arthropodium strictum
(Chocolate Lily)


0.2-1.2 m x 20-80 cm

Narrow, flat or slightly channelled leaves.

Violet or deep pink flowers on long stalks.

Well drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.

A most attractive and adaptable plant. Ideal for a rockery.
 https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/X1olGxCjTvaysfkAShyv5dMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlinkAustrostipa pubinodis (Stipa pubinodis)
(Tall Spear Grass)


0.6-1.3 m high

Tufted, rhizomatous perennial.

Rough or smooth, tightly inrolled or folded leaves.

Moist to well drained soils.


https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/mG50JATyRC3FhrdZQk4eO9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Bulbine bulbosa
(Bulbine Lily)


20-50 cm x 30 cm

Densely tufted perennial herb.

Yellow star-like flowers.

Moist heavy soils; full sun, semi-shade.

Plants die back to the rootstock in dry weather.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/138526835141_1024.jpg
Deyeuxia quadriseta
(Reed Bent-grass)


0.15-1.5 m x 40 cm

Open, sparsely tufted perennial tussock.

Rough, flat to slightly inrolled leaf.

Poorly drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.

Large clumps are attractive in flower.
 https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/HVe-ZpKLorIQhfSBYN_L8NMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink https://sites.google.com/site/chandlersflora/_/rsrc/1396264975138/plant-type/herbs/060102-11.jpgDianella admixta (revoluta)
(Black Anther Flax-lily)


30-80 cm x 0.5-1.5 m

Dense to open tufted perennial. Dark green, finely serrated, linear leaves with blue fruit.

Dry well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

A very tolerant plant once established. Ideal for growing close to trees.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/129284687679_1024.jpg
Dianella amoena
(Matted Flax-lily)


To 45cm x 1-5 m

Narrow, tapering bluish to grey-green leaves with large, sweetly scented violet flowers.

Well drained to seasonally wet fertile sandy loam to cracking clay soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

A threatened species, endangered nationally.
http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2539/3761084843_28fbc8ed78_z.jpg
Dianella laevis var laevis (caerulea)
(Paroo Lily, Blue Flax-lily)

0.3-1.5 m x 50 cm
Soft, spreading linear leaves with pale to dark blue flowers and purple berries.

Moist to dryish well drained clay and clay-loam soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

An attractive, easily maintained clumping plant, ideal for growing under trees. Aborigines used leaves for basket making.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/9mUjA24CR0w4Oh-nMSRyHdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/TbQfDz3a3iCll6p1JKStNNMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Dianella longifolia
(Pale Flax-lily)


1.3 m x 0.4-1 m

Pale-leaved tufted plant, purplish-blue flowers, blue fruit.

Well drained skeletal soils often associated with rocky outcrops. Full sun, semi-shade.

Attracts indigenous bees.
  

Dianella tasmanica
(Tasman Flax-lily)


0.6-1.5 m x 0.5 - 2 m

Very robust tufted perennial. Large fruit, violet berries. Strong many-branched panicles of metallic blue to deep purple flowers.

Moist soils, preferable in a cool position. Semi-shade to full shade.
Dichelachne sieberiana
(Plume-grass)


0.3-1 m high

Narrow, flat, rough hairy leaves. Sparse, loose, often drooping panicles 4-25 cm long.

Well drained soils. Semi-shade.


https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/1heZJ1AT4Elfgz6LrW9tR9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Diplarrena moraea
(Butterfly Flag)


0.3-1 m x 0.5-1 m

Dense tussock-forming perennial herb. Beautiful white iris flower. Strap-like dark leaves.

Relatively well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

A very attractive plant.
 Echinopogon ovatus
(Forest Hedgehog-grass)

0.15-1 m high

Slender erect or scrambling grass. Very rough, flat leaves tapering to a point.

Moist soils. Semi-shade.


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0e/Eragrostis_brownii_Love_Grass.jpg
Eragrostis brownii
(Common Love-grass)


10-50 cm x 30 cm

Spreading flat leaves. 

Moist soils, seasonal wetlands in shallow water. Full sun, semi-shade.

A decorative grass for rockeries.
http://johnwamsley.com/Images/Hemarthria%20uncinata.JPG
Hemarthria uncinata
(Mat Grass)


40-80 cm x 1-3 m

Rigid, matted grassy sward.

Requires moist soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Vigorous plants may grow to 1 m high on sheltered sites.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/13924600405_1024.jpg http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/131883757278_1024.jpg
Imperata cylindrica
(Blady Grass)


0.1-1 m high
 
Erect coarse, vigorously spreading grass. Dense, fluffy, cylindrical spike-like panicles.

Moist, well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Flowerheads are extremely ornamental.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/SV95_820tvKPJAb2MKx6rtMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/ZeYISFqBRHvn-JnzbIhK-9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Lomandra filiformis
(Wattle Mat-rush)


6-25 cm x 15-20 cm

Narrow green leaves, numerous small globular yellow flowers.

Moist, well drained clays or sands tolerating dry shady conditions once established. Full sun, semi-shade.

An attractive rockery plant.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/HiHS35LANTAmPOttvQuXWdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/sIzMMpsHEmQ7WhiOtl9DTtMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Lomandra longifolia ssp. exilis
(Spiny-headed Mat-rush)


30-60 cm high.

Leaves are narrower than the more common variety.

Dry conditions.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/PLLA4tmob7hDMA5ECBCWqNMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Lomandra longifolia ssp. longifolia
(Cluster-headed Mat-rush)


0.5-1 m x 0.5-1.2 m

Dense tussock plant. Large clump, strap leaves.

Well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Grows well under established trees.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/h8uI8wwC2YuAv-sN2KCsXdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Lomandra multiflora
(Many-flowered Mat-rush)


30-90 cm x 30-50 cm

Rigid, narrow, greyish leaves, yellow flowers in densely whorled clusters.

Well drained soils, tolerating extended dry periods once established. Semi-shade.

An attractive plant for gardens and containers.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/g56-V6gyRSPigvJgfRgaEtMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/YtVzN7F19O4sLl3to_yxgNMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink

Microlaena stipoides
(Weeping Grass)


1 m x 60 cm (highly variable)

Spreading to semi-erect smooth to rough flat leaves.

Moist, well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

One of the best lawn grasses for shady sites. 

https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/BbLKXxSlx-52gaB5VxGertMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Microseris lanceolata
(Yam Daisy)


15-50 cm x 15-25 cm

Tufted perennial herb regenerating annually from fleshy, branched or turnip shaped tuberous root.

Long toothed leaves with a single bright yellow daisy flowerhead.

Moist to well drained soils. Seli-shade.

Tuberous rootstock was a staple part of the Aboriginal diet.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/137739780618_1024.jpg
Patersonia fragilis
(Short Purple Flag)


20-60 cm x 40 cm

Bright, deep purple flowers. Stiff narrow blue-green leaves.

Moist to seasonally wet sandy soil. Full sun, semi-shade.

Attractive rockery plant. 

http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/132014830232.jpg
Patersonia occidentalis
(Purple Flag)


20-80 cm x 30-60 cm

Compact clumping perennial herb.

Bluish-purple or occasionally white flowers. Flat leaves.

Poorly drained winter wet, summer dry conditions in sand or clay-loam. Full sun, semi-shade.

Suitable for bog gardens or pond edges but also tolerant of drier positions.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/136265073971_1024.jpg
Phragmites australis
(Common Reed)

1-3 m high

Semi-aquatic, fast growing, bamboo-like grass.

Seasonally or permanently wet and poorly drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

An attractive waterside plant for dams and large ponds. Keep in a container to prevent it taking over.
 
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/KWI2S7ksx7tq2qMQugQvNdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/Oqn3dpOuzy8ctfrp-AGLadMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Poa ensiformis
(Purple-sheath Tussock Grass)


0.8-1.5 m x 0.5-1.2 m

Dark green grass forming loose to dense tussocks.

Moist clay-loam soils. Semi-shade to full shade.

Vigorous grass, ideally suited to moist, shaded sites but can become invasive under ideal conditions. Useful for controlling erosion.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/HXjg533sIiGmy835uuxb3tMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Poa labillardieri
(Common Tussock Grass)


0.5-1.2 m x 0.5-1.5 m

Large, course densely tufted tussock.

Moist to wettish alluvial soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

A vigorous grass with many forms, commonly used in large landscape projects.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/4p4wTZh93SUsnbYvsThsVdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Poa morrisii
(Velvet Tussock Grass)


0.5-1 m x 30-60 cm

Softly hairy, dense bluish-grey tussock.

Moist to dryish well drained soils, often poor or rocky soil. Full sun, semi-shade.

A most attractive grass.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/HY_50UaGZ2QMjMAY3sNypdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Poa sieberiana
(Tussock Grass)

50-80 cm x 0.3-1 m

Attractive dense green tufted grass.

Well drained soil, tolerating short dry periods. Full sun, semi-shade.

Very adaptable. Establishes well under existing eucalypts.
http://morwellnp.pangaean.net/cgi-bin/show_species.cgi?find_this=Poa%20tenera&image_letter=&show_image=../images/full_size/Poa_tenera&show_date=1991-12-21&show_caption=Slender%20tussock-grass%20flower%20head#expansion
Poa tenera
(Slender Tussock Grass)


5-50 cm x 0.5-2 m

Bright green, soft, trailing grass.

Moist soils. Semi-shade to full shade.

Very effective trailing down embankments.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/135588904191.jpg
Rytidosperma caespitosa
(Common Wallaby Grass)

Synonym: Danthonia caespitosa, Austrodanthonia caespitosa

0.9-1.2 cm x 40 cm

Variable perennial grass often forming a dense tussock.

Moist well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/KmECHewRJwsKtF8g-NTlxtMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Rytidosperma pallidum
(Red Anther Wallaby Grass)

Synonym: Joycea pallida

1.5-1.8 m x 50-70 cm

Spreading tufted perennial grass with fine green or bluish leaves.

Well drained dryish soils. Semi-shade.

A most attractive grass, especially in flower, forming large clumps.
Rytidosperma penicillatum
(Slender Wallaby Grass)

Synonym: Danthonia penicillata, Austrodanthonia penicillata

To 20 cm x 30 cm. Stems to 60 cm high

Fine, weeping perennial grass.

Moist well drained soil. Semi-shade.

A distinctive graceful grass.
http://luirig.altervista.org/cpm/albums/bot-hawaii27/13226-Rytidosperma-pilosum.jpg
Rytidosperma pilosum
(Velvet Wallaby Grass)

Synonym: Danthonia pilosa, Austrodanthonia pilosa

To 50 cm x 30 cm

Erect or flattened tufted perennial grass.

Dryish soils. Semi-shade.



http://www.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/image/0007/78352/Austrodanthonia_racemosa_fruit_620.JPG
Rytidosperma racemosum
(Clustered Wallaby Grass)

Synonym: Danthonia racemosa, Austrodanthonia racemosa

To 20 cm high. Stems 10-80 cm high

Variable; slender tufts or dense tussock-forming perennial grass.

Dry to moist well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Useful for native lawns. Tolerates light mowing.
http://luirig.altervista.org/cpm/albums/bot-hawaii27/13241-Rytidosperma-semiannulare.jpg
Rytidosperma semiannulare
(Tasmania Wallaby Grass)

Synonym: Danthonia semiannularis, Austrodanthonia semiannularis

To 60 cm x 40 cm

Erect tussock-forming perennial grass.

Moist light or sandy soils tolerating temporary inundation. Full sun, semi-shade.



http://www.iwanttrees.com.au/plants/images/asetacea.jpg
Rytidosperma setaceum
(Bristly Wallaby Grass)

Synonym: Danthonia setacea, Austrodanthonia setacea

60-70 cm x 40 cm

Erect, slender, densely tufted perennial.

Adaptable, ranging from sandy to heavy soils usually in dryish conditions. Full sun, semi-shade.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/140280640511.jpg
Stipa rudis
(Spear Grass)

Synonym: Austrostipa rudis

To 1.2 m high

Erect inrolled leaves to 40 cm long.

Moist soils. Semi-shade to full shade.



 
Stylidium armeria
(Thrift-leaved Triggerplant)

0.2-1 m x 20-40 cm

Small tufted perennial herb, with pink flowers.

Moist well drained soils, tolerating dryish periods once established. Full sun, semi-shade.

An excellent rockery or container plant.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/SRpipxBRt-5kP7nH6XxKYdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Stylidium graminifolium
(Grass Trigger Plant)


20-75 m x 10-50 cm

Small tufted perennial herb, with pink flowers.

Moderately well drained sandy or gravelly soil. Full sun, semi-shade.



https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/cPfNr1Q-W2LNUzmiGhpWeNMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Tetrarrhena juncea
(Forest Wire Grass)


0.6-3 m x 1-5 m

Wiry, scrambling or climbing perennial grass.

Moist soils, tolerating drying out in summer. Semi-shade to full shade.

Helps to prevent soil erosion.



 http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/138477326787_1024.jpgThelionema caespitosum
(Blue Grass-lily)


20-90 cm x 0.5-1.36 m

An attractive plant for a moist rockery. Blue, star-shaped flowers.

Moist sandy or peaty soils. Full sun, semi-shade.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/IntS_0YAOQsUERMTGqacE9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink https://picasaweb.google.com/115863833068776846009/GrassesRushesSedges#6023187340404238082
Themeda triandra
(Kangaroo Grass)


0.3-1 m x 20-60 cm

Green to bluish-green (blue form) leaves, tussock grass.

Adaptable to most soils. Full sun, semi-shade.
https://sites.google.com/site/chandlersflora/_/rsrc/1396151716411/plant-type/climbers-creepers/051004-24.jpg
Thysanotus patersonii
(Twining Fringe-lily)


Stems 0.1-1 m long

Light creeper, twining weakly on other plants. Numerous mauve to violet flowers.

Well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

A delightful little climber, not noticeable until in flower.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/s63Q3yLXrveMVHmRiJOTBdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/ZmYDONJHOdZsaVaDv67FddMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Xanthorrhoea minor
(Small Grass Tree)


60 cm x 1 m

Dense grassy clump with yellowish flowers in a terminal spike.

Well drained soils, tolerating dryness once established. Full sun, semi-shade.

An attractive grassy clump. Especially prolific after fires.