Groundcovers, Climbers, Creepers

Grasses, Tussocks and Lilies

Pond, Greywater and Swamp Plants

Small Shrubs (1-3 metres)

Large Shrubs (over 1 metre)

Small Trees (up to 10 metres)

Large Trees (over 10 metres)

  GROUNDCOVERS, CLIMBERS & CREEPERS
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/127553065347.jpg
Acacia aculeatissima
(Snake wattle)

0.2-0.6 m x 1-2 m

Light open sprawling shrub. Branchlets ribbed, covered in short, stiff hairs.
Yellow ball flowers, July - Sept.

Excellent for rockeries or banks.
Acaena novae-zelandiae
(Bidgee Widgee)

Prostrate x 1-4 m

Perennial herb. Rambling mat plant with sparse to densely hairy stems.

Adaptable, tolerating wet or dry conditions; full sun to shade.
 Image result for Acrotriche prostrataAcrotriche prostrata
(Trailing Ground Berry)

Prostrate - 15 cm x 1-2 m

Open trailing plant, stems rooting at intervals, branchlets softly hairy.

Greenish translucent, tubular flowers.

Moist friable soil. Semi-shade to full shade.

Ideal for growing with ferns.
 
Acrotriche Serrulata
(Honeypots) 

10-30 cm x 0.5-1 m

Slow-growing, dense mounding shrub.

Greenish translucent tubular flowers rich in nectar.

Most well drained soils tolerating dry periods. Semi-shade to dappled shade.

Flowers have a strong honey fragrance.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/nlvTqLrxdnqDRmNkhcX5h9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Adiantum aethiopicum
(Common Maidenhair)


10-45 cm x spreading

Carpeting groundcover fern. Fronds tufted aling vigorous rhizomes.

A well known and reliable fern which can cover large areas in ideal conditions. Suitable as a container or basket plant if kept moist and protected from drying winds.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/9qhiO_MhOSQbqu6qEbAwhdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Austrocynoglossum latifolium
(Forest Hounds Tongue)

Synonyms: Cynoglossum latifolium

0.5-1.5 m x 0.5-2 m

Weak-stemmed, straggling prickly perennial.

Ovate, hairy leaves with small bluish flowers.

Moist soil in sheltered areas; semi-shade to dappled shade.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/ONZ5Z8Ta7z_DrBylN-guQ9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Billardiera scandens
(Velvet Appleberry)


To 1.2 m high

Thickish, oblong, dull green leaves.

Light climber, pale bell flowers.

Berries were eaten by Aborigines.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/aj2T9hvV1N2vJzFrxAMB7dMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Bossiaea prostrata
(Creeping Bossiaea)


Prostrate x 0.5-1.5 m

Groundcover, yellow and brown pea flower.

Variable foliage.

Grows well under other plants. 
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/orbH5AxQ03nvq0arIJhjXtMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Brachyscome multifida
(Cut Leaf Daisy)


10-40 cm x 0.2-1 m

Fast growing, suckering perennial herb forming dense spreading groundcover.

Profuse pale mauve, pink or white flowerheads. Flowers most of the year.

Moist clay soils, tolerating dryness once established; full sun to full shade.

Popular ornamental plant.
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Calystegia marginata
(Forest Bindweed)


Twining stems to 1-2 m

Creeper with arrow-shaped leaves and white to pink funnel-shaped flowers.

Moist to wet areas; semi-shade to full shade.

Masses of short-lived flowers are produced. Regular pruning is beneficial. Water during dry periods.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/hONNy7tpbo_JSBE7kQCz4NMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Clematis aristata
(Austral Clematis)


Climbs to 15+m

Vigorous climber with masses of creamy white starry flowers.

Feathery seed heads persist on the female plant for some time.
 
Clematis microphylla
(Small-leafed Clematis)


Climber to 5m high

Dense climber.

Masses of starry cream flowers and fluffy seed.

Well drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.
 Desmodium gunnii
(Slender tick-trefoil)

20-50 cm x 20-50 cm

Slender scrambling herb which dies back to its rootstock in summer. White to yellowish pea flowers.

Well drained soils, tolerating dry periods once established. Full sun, semi-shade.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/0Z4bLqrxj_P2U2HWde_qx9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Dichondra repens
(Kidney Weed)


Prostrate, creeping herb, spreads to 2m.

Moist to well drained soils; semi-shade to full sun.

Alternative to grass with light foot traffic.

https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/xXLRa5mRSWz_uPDi_9sYY9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Glycine clandestina
(Twining Glycine)


Twining 0.3-2 m high

A slender, open twiner with bluish-mauve pea flowers.

Stiff, hairy leaves.

Moist well-drained soils tolerating dry periods once established; semi-shade to full shade.
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Glycine tabacina
(Vanilla Glycine)


Stems 0.2-2 m long

 A perennial with racemes of blue to purple flowers.

Well drained soils, tolerating dryness once established; full sun, semi-shade.

Not tolerant of a heavy frost.

Aborigines chewed the liquorice-flavoured tap root.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/dFZYtzsAgJPR4n4BHBRtv9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Goodenia lanata
(Trailing Goodenia)


Prostrate x 0.5-1.5 m

Dark green foliage, yellow flowers on long stalks.

Tolerates extended dry periods once established; full sun, semi-shade.

Attractive in a container and trailing amongst other plants.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/htGIjhXlaT1Jc0UP9wOUjtMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Hardenbergia violacea
(Purple Coral Pea)


Open creeper or wiry scrambler.

Leathery dark green ovate to lanceolate leaves.

Axillary sprays of 10-30 purple pea flowers.

Well drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.

https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/SmTeEYnV3eQszv4Yy1ueadMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Hydrocotyle hirta
(Hairy Pennywort)


Carpeting perennial herb.

Tiny pale yellow flowers.

Round kidney-shaped leaves.

Moist soil; semi-shade to full shade.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/Q5IJ1AkFfg2kweXkMlzlUdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Hypericum gramineum
(Small St. John's Wort)


25 cm x 5-20 cm

Erect perennial herb, stems often ridged.

Blue-green oblong leaves with orange-yellow flowers in loose clusters.

Moist soils tolerating moisture and summer dryness; full sun, semi-shade.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/G7UJCSQm1jEOaG_oFLKueNMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Kennedia prostrata
(Running Postman)

Prostrate x 1-2.5 m

Crinkly and hairy grey-green leaves,

Scarlet long-stemmed pea flowers.

Well drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.

Drought tolerant once established. Grows well in a hanging basket.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/H6xCF2wiRbWJVm7Gdkuu1NMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Linum marginale
(Native Flax)


30-80 cm x 30 cm

Slender erect bluish perennial herb.

Open, clear blue flowers.

Ascending, narrow leaves.

Moist well drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.

Cut back hard in late autumn to encourage new growth.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/YB2qoM17PKy4be3G7emvmdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Microtis unifolia
(Common Onion-orchid)


15-90 cm high

Dense spike of several pale to golden-green erect flowers.

Moist to dry soils, well-drained rocky situations; full sun, semi-shade.

May form extensive colonies.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/I0jCxowiBY7q10J_uFD9nNMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Pandorea pandorana
(Wonga vine)


Scrambler or climber 6+ m

Dense and vigorous climber.

Glossy dark green leaves, cream bells.

Moist well drained soil; full sun, semi-shade.

Very showy when in flower. Grows well amongst established trees or over a pergola.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/NMKIDgQvxTbJkR2HOwePmdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Pelargonium australe
(Austral Storks Bill)


30-60 cm x 0.3-1 m

Soft, perennial herb forming a clump.

Aromatic rounded leaves with clusters of white or pink flowers.

Well drained soils, often on ricky outcrops, tolerating dryness once established; full sun, semi-shade.

Useful rockery plant.
https://flic.kr/p/c13dYC
Pelargonium littorale
(Coast StorksBill)


20-40 cm x 0.3-1 m

Erect perennial herb with long stalked clusters of pink flowers.

Well drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.

An attractive plant for small gardens and containers.
 https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/vvld0G1ClaN-QE7P-46hddMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlinkPlatylobium infecundum
(Famine Flat-pea)

Separated from Platylobium formosum

Prostrate x 1-2 m

Spreading suckering shrub.

Heart-shaped leaves with large yellow & red pea flowers.

Moist to well drained soil. Semi-shade.
 http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/134785553466_1024.jpgPlatylobium obtusangulum
(Common Flat-pea)


0.6-1 m x 0.6-1.8 m

Spreading, clumping or arching shrub.

Triangular leaves with sharp points. Flowers yellow with red central markings.

Prefers drier well drained soils. Semi-shade.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/c3wi0vRMl18GGi8coh4opdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Ranuculus lappaceus
(Austral Buttercup)


10-60 cm x 30-60 cm

Soft, sparsely to densely hairy, tufted perennial herb, long spreading hairs on lower stem.

Singles or pairs of golden flowers on long, erect stalks.

Moist but not stagnant soils; full sun, semi-shade.

A bright, easy to grow herb for permanently moist areas.
 
Ranuculus plebeius
(Forest Buttercup)

10-40 cm x 20-60 cm

Tufted perennial herb covered with flattened or spreading hairs. Shiny yellow flowers.

Semi-shade to full shade.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/n3bf4EXzuJJ8ALZrvu-9IdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Rubus parvifolius
(Small-leaf Bramble)


0.6-2 m x 0.5-3 m

Rambling small shrub to trailing plant covered in hooked thorns.

Short terminal sprays or single axillary deep ping flowers.

Well drained soils; semi-shade to full shade.

Can be trained as a climber.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/127538553823_1024.jpg
Solenogyne gunnii
(Hairy Solenogyne)

Rosette of dull green leaves with erect flowering stalks with single , terminal, greenish flowerheads.

Prefers moist, shaded positions in poor soils. 


http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/14026238022_1024.jpg
Veronica plebeia
(Creeping Speedwell)


Prostrate - 30 cm x 1-2 m

Attractive ground cover in shady gardens, lavender flowers.

Moist well drained soils; full sun to full shade.

Spreads readily in ideal conditions, and makes an attractive groundcover in shaded gardens.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/_t7ocqh6ZUBRZnhN95jjNNMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Viola betonicifolia
(Mountain Violet)


15-30 cm x 15-40 cm

Erect tufted perennial herb.

Basal rosette of dark green leaves.

Large purplish-blue to purple flowers with golden-yellow centres.

Moist to dryish well drained soil; semi-shade to full shade.

https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/FRemVTFY8dTMNx9vx2hy9NMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Viola hederacea
(Native Violet)


10-15 cm x spreading.

Tufted stoloniferous herb forming a dense mat.

Single violet flowers.

Dryish to moist soils; full sun to full shade.

A prolific grower once established.


https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/PUBBeL3LA_PpWC94BpEIGtMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Wahlenbergia communis
(Tufted Bluebell)


15-50 cm x 15 cm

Vigorous erect, branching perennial herb.

Pale to bright blue flowers on long stalks.

Moist well drained soils; full sun.



https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/PgWwOGeK0Ppc_CP8QjUVu9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Wahlenbergia gracilis
(Sprawling Bluebell)

10-60 cm x 0.3-1 m

Sprawling annual or perennial herb.

Soft blue bell-shaped flowers.

Full sun; semi-shade.

Spreads readily in garden.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/K_ipqiSaJjWvr1bLqsofrtMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Wahlenbergia stricta
(Tall Bluebell)


20-50 cm x 30-40 cm

Erect, clumping herb.

Pale blue or white flowers.

Well drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.