Groundcovers, Climbers, Creepers

Grasses, Tussocks and  Lilies

Pond, Greywater and Swamp Plants

Small Shrubs (under 1 metre)

Large Shrubs (1-3 metres)

Small Trees (up to 10 metres)

Large Trees (over 10 metres)

  POND, GREYWATER & SWAMP PLANTS
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/138518789871_1024.jpg
Alisma plantago-aquatica
(Water Plantain)

To 1 m tall.

Attractive, easily grown plant for bog gardens.

Austrofestuca hookeriana
(Hooker's Fescue)


Coarse, dense tussock grass tolerant of heavy shade.

 http://www.utas.edu.au/docs/plant_science/field_botany/species/monocots/restiosp/resttetr.htmlBaloskion tetraphyllus (Restio tetraphyllus)
(Tassel Sedge)

Synonym: Baloskion tetraphyllum

0.5-1.5 m x 40-80 cm

Tall bright green feathery perennial tussock.

Permanently boggy sandy soils or shallow water. Full sun, semi-shade.

A graceful sedge-like plant for in or around ponds.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/135763489598_1024.jpg http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/137837675901_1024.jpg
Carex appressa
(Tall Sedge)


0.5-1.2 m x 0.5-1 m

Robust dense yellow-green tussocks.

Narrow dense spike-like panicle.

Moist soil, tolerating periods of inundation. Full sun, semi-shade.

Suitable for stabilizing eroded stream banks.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/QgWhKn8DMdK3qNz-rAHcX9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Carex breviculmis
(Short-stem Sedge)


15-30 cm x 20-35 cm

Small, densely tufted sedge.

Very adaptable, from exposed slopes to moist depressions. Full sun, semi-shade.

Useful for borders or rockeries.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/K7e1XxC8mHjCzaXIXNvxxtMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Carex brownii
(Sedge)


0.2-1 m high

Loose tuft, culms noded and rough above.

Seepage lines and seasonally moist clay soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

A rare sedge in  the Melbourne area.



https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/abwEYzS1Q0j9FkWWFIBiRdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Carex fascicularis
(Tassel Sedge)


0.5-1 m high

Densely tufted sedge, margins rough, leaves and culms similar sized.

Moist soil, tolerating inundation. Semi-shade.

Attractive beside a pool.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/135332817326_1024.jpg
Carex gaudichaudiana
(Tufted Sedge)


Culms 10-90 cm high

Coarsely tufted plant with bluish foliage.

Grows in gravel or mud at the water's edge. Full sun, semi-shade.

An attractive low-growing sedge. Easily grown and controlled.
Carex incomitata
(Sedge)


30-90 cm high.

Pale green leaves, prefers well drained soils.

Full sun. Tolerates saline conditions.


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Carex inversa
(Knob Sedge)


Culms 10-50 cm high

Bright green, grass-like leaves.

Moist well drained soils. Semi-shade.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/130751000625_1024.jpg
Centella cordifolia
(Swamp Pennywort)


Prostrate x 1-2 m

Fast growing, creeping perennial herb.

Moist to we soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Grows well around pools and in boggy areas but may become invasive.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/136321371427_1024.jpg
Crassula helmsii
(Swamp Stonecrop)


10-30 cm x spreading

Fast growing aquatic.

Inundated or moist soils in fresh or salty water. Full sun.

An attractive rapid grower which may become invasive.
Doodia caudata
(Small Rasp Fern)


10-40 cm x 10-50 cm

Erect or weeping fern with narrow, dark green fronds.

Acidic, moist, peaty or humus-rich soils, tolerating a sunny position with ample moisture. Semi-shade to full shade.

Suitable for garden, pot or hanging basket.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/13989416098_1024.jpg
Eleocharis acuta
(Common Spike-rush)


30-60 cm high

Upright aquatic herb.

Full sun. Easy to establish in a dam or heavy damp soils but may spread rapidly in shallow water.
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Eryngium vesiculosum
(Prickfoot)


10-20 cm x 30-60 cm

Bright green leaves with toothed edges.

Moist soil, tolerating seasonally wet conditions. Full sun, semi-shade.

Interesting plant for a bog garden or container.


 https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/UMbTpF3I7EMpQnOPmOB559MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlinkFicinia nodosa (Isolepis nodosa)
(Knobby Club Rush)


0.15-1 m x 0.6-2 m

Tall, coarse, wiry densely tufted rush, flowers are brown spikelets.

Moist sandy, alluvial and basalt soils, tolerating dry periods once established. Full sun, semi-shade.

Upright habitat and round flowerheads provide interest as a contrast plant.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/DR0MGGLZn_lbpHu65hzhBtMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/u4RCl381c24BeXRSpDq_fdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Gahnia sieberiana
(Red-fruited Saw-sedge)


1.5-3 m x 2-3 m

Large tussock, moist soils, food for butterfly larvae.

Moist alluvial or sandy soils. Tolerates drier soils once established. Full sun to full shade.

Food plant for the Sword-grass brown butterfly.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/138233271627_1024.jpg
Gonocarpus humilis
(Shade Raspwort)


Prostrate - 30 cm x 30-70 cm

Semi-prostrate to bushy shrub with terminal spikes of tiny greenish-yellow flowers.

Moist soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Grows amongst thick undergrowth.
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Goodenia elongata
(Lanky Goodenia)


20-50 cm x 0.5-1.5 m

Narrow erect perennial herb. Solitary yellow flowers on long stalks.

Damp soil, tolerating waterlogging. Semi-shade.

Pruning after flowering is beneficial. 
 http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/130018559218_1024.jpgGoodenia humilis
(Swamp Goodenia)


5-10 cm x 0.5-1.5 m

Profuse terminal sprays of yellow flowers.

Moist to wet soil. Full sun.

A very adaptable suckering, matting plant. 
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/139173140776_1024.jpg
Gratiola pubescens
(Brooklime)


Prostrate - 20 cm x 0.6-1.5 m

Pale pink flowers with a yellow throat.

Damp areas which dry out in summer or permanently swampy soil. Full sun to full shade.

Locally rare due to drainage of habitat.
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Isotoma fluviatilis
(Swamp Isotome)


Prostrate x 1 m

Small blue flowers, dense matting plant.

Mpoist to seasonallyh wet conditions. Full sun, semi-shade.

An excellent self-layering ground cover for damp areas and poolside plantings.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/139894287581_1024.jpg
Juncus amabilis
(Gentle Rush)


0.2-1.2 m x 20-50 cm

Leaves are dark brown basal sheaths, light brown clustered flowers.

Moist open to sandy winter wet, summer dry soils. Full sun, semi-shade.



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Juncus gregiflorus
(Green Rush)


0.5-1.7 m x 0.6-1.5 m

Bright green shining leaves, pale brown clustered flowers.

Moist to wet alluvial soil. Full sun to semi-shade.



https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/XXqLko5Rujoq1iep53MSTtMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/p2WAeYnozCGLr1-KMyr-b9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Juncus pallidus
(Pale Rush)

0.5-2.2 m x 0.3-1 m

Tufted perennial rush.

Full sun, semi-shade. 

Vigorous grower adaptable to most situations, but requires periodic inundation for optimum growth.
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Juncus pauciflorus
(Loose-flowered Rush)


0.3-1 m x 20-60 cm

Open, loose panicle of reddish flowers.

An adaptable plant tolerating some dryness once established. Semi-shade.
Juncus procerus
(Tall Rush)


1.5-2.5 m x 0.6-1.5 m

Tufted rush with soft, thick stems.

Damp to wet soils in sheltered situations. Semi-shade.


https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/1sehPXHQDBtPfVTrtASkHNMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/Tn_ZQnjGGgc7xWdwsEK9V9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Juncus subsecindus
(Finger Rush)


20-90 cm x 0.5-1 m

Tufted rush with smooth, dull blue-green stems.

Full sun. May form large colonies in heavy, wet soils but is also successful in drier sites which are seasonally damp.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/jApVo1FRIloI2JG_mnQaCdMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Lepidosperma elatius
(Tall Sword Sedge)

1-2 m x 1-2.5 m

Leaves to 10mm wide with sharp edges.

Semi-shade to full shade.

A spectacular accent plant which should not be planted near walkways due to sharpness of leaves.
Lepidosperma gunnii
(Little Sword Sedge)


15-45 cm x 20-60 cm

Narrow stiff leaves to 3mm wide.

Semi-shade. 
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/udHJHO-WHoHohF1NvrhI-9MTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/FccgCVuSLIci4RVly1LdytMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink
Lepidosperma laterale
(Variable Sword Sedge)


0.4-1 m x 0.5-1.5 m

Narrow stiff leaves to 6mm wide.

Moist to dryish, fairly well drained soils. Semi-shade.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/135329553203_1024.jpg http://images.swinburne.edu.au/bitstream/1111.1/567/1/Lepidosperma%20longitudinale.JPG
Lepidosperma longitudinale
(Common Sword Sedge)


0.6-2 m x 1-3 m

Soft leaves and stems with greyish-brown spikelets.

Moist or wet soils. Full sun, semi-shade.



http://www.victorianflora.com/VictorianFlora/All-Plants/Plants/i-SRFtQHN/A
Lobelia anceps
(Angled Lobelia)

Synonym: Lobelia alata

Prostrate - 30 cm high

Suckering, erect to spreading perennial herb. Small, pale blue, fan-shaped flowers.

Seasonally moist soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Suitable for a bog garden.
 Lobelia pendunculata
(Matted Pratia) 

Prostrate x 2-3 m

Dense matting plant with fine stems. masses of starry to fan-shaped blue or white with bluish tinges flowers.

Permanently moist but not waterlogged soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

A most attractive suckering plant flowering well in full sun provided it is kept moist.



http://www.victorianflora.wmcn.org.au/images/large/Lobelia%20pratiodes.JPG
Lobelia pratioides
(Poison Lobelia)


Prostrate - 30 cm x 0.5-1.5 m

Loosely matting, suckering, perennial herb. Single blue and white flowers on hairy stalks.

Wet soils. Semi-shade.

An attractive plant for growing in a shaded garden. Foliage is poisonous to stock.
http://www.victorianflora.com/VictorianFlora/Wetland-Plants/Aquatic-Plants/i-4b9SGnq/A
Marsilea drummondii
(Common Nardoo)


Stripes 3-30 cm high

An aquatic plant with floating, 4-lobed leaves.

Boggy soil, subject to inundation, shallow water no deeper than 30 cm. Full sun, semi-shade.

Attractive in a pond.
http://www.victorianflora.com/VictorianFlora/All-Plants/Plants/i-dWtT8K2
Marsilea hirsuta
(Short-fruit Nardoo)


Stripes 2-18 cm

An aquatic plant with floating fronds.

Full sun, semi-shade.

Very susceptible to drought and changing climatic conditions.
 http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/138941418502_1024.jpgMazus pumilio
(Swamp Mazus)


3 cm x 0.5-1 m

Suckering mat plant with white or mauve flowers.

Swamp margins and drainage lines in moist to wet soil. Full sun, semi to dappled shade, full shade.

Useful in boggy areas and on pond edges. Tolerates light foot traffic. 
http://keys.lucidcentral.org/keys/v3/scotia/key/Plants%20and%20Fungi%20of%20south%20western%20NSW/Media/Images/Mentha_australis/Mentha_australis_Melbourne_Lyn_Allison.jpg
Mentha australis
(River Mint)


20-80 cm x 0.3-1 m

Clusters of small tubular white to mauve flowers, mint fragrance.

Moist to wet soils. Full sun to full shade.

Useful by ponds and near walkways. When brushed imparts a mint fragrance.
https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/5Ue801Hq3vdIykiQEAz_SNMTjNZETYmyPJy0liipFm0?feat=directlink http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/135778749919_1024.jpg
Mentha laxiflora
(Forest Mint)


15-50 cm x 1 m

Aromatic perennial herb with dense clusters of mauve, or rarely, white flowers.

Permanently moist soil. Semi-shade to full shade.
 http://www.botany.unimelb.edu.au/buffalo/images/Neopaxia_australasica/Neopaxia%20australasica2.jpg
Montia australasica
(White Purslane)


Prostrate - 3 cm x matting

Spreading perennial herb with small white flowers.

Moist to wet soils in slow-moving water or drainage lines, swamps and bogs. Full sun, semi-shade.

A pretty creeper for pond edges.
http://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/135323235183_1024.jpghttp://natureshare.org.au/media/contrib/observation/photo/1024px/13532332947_1024.jpg
Myriophyllum crispatum
(Water Milfoil)


25-60 cm high

Erect perennial herb with cream to reddish-brown flowers.

Moist soil in stagnant and still water to 1 m deep and in mud. Full sun, semi-shade.

A robust plant.
 http://images.swinburne.edu.au/bitstream/1111.1/2841/1/Villarsia%20reniformis.JPGOmduffia reniformis (Villarsia reniformis) 
(Running Marsh Flower)


0.4-1.3 m x 0.5-3 m

Shiny dark green kidney-shaped leaves with bright yellow flowers. 

A most attractive plant for shallow water or damp soil beside a pond. Full sun, semi-shade.
 Persicaria decipiens
(Slender Knotweed)

Prostrate - 0.6 m x 0.3-1 m

Aquatic to terrestrial erect to spreading perennial herb. Small bright pink flowers. 

Full sun to full shade.
http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&photo=28&file=68/232/Persicaria%20praetermissa.JPG
Persicaria praetermissa
(Spotted Knotweed)


0.8-1 m x 0.6-2 m

Straggling perennial herb with pink flowers in short spikes.

Semi-shade. A useful stabiliser for edges of dams and pools. Provides habitat especially for frogs.
 Image result for polystichum proliferumPolystichum proliferum
(Mother Shield Fern)

0.25-1.5 m x 1-1.5 m

Tufted fern with long arching fonds.

Moist soils, tolerating dry periods once established. Semi-shade to full shade.

An excellent and reliable fern for gardens.
http://grahamenz.com/Flora/Buttercups/Ranunculus%20glabrifolius
Ranunculus glabrifolius
(Shiny Buttercup)


20-3- cm x 30-70 cm

Slender herb with glossy leaves and yellow flowers.

Moist to wet soil. Full sun, semi-shade.

A very attractive buttercup for ponds and moist areas.
 http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&showsyn=&constat=&lvl=sp&name=Schoenus~tesquorumSchoenus tesquorum
(Bog-rush)


6-45 cm x 15 cm

A rare plant for moist soils. 

Semi-shade. 
http://www.victorianflora.wmcn.org.au/images/large/Triglochin%20procera.jpg
Triglochin procera
(Water ribbon)

Stems 20-50 cm high

Freshwater to 2 m deep or areas subject to regular inundation. Full sun, semi-shade.

An attractive plant for water gardens with erect or floating ribbon-like leaves.

http://www.victorianflora.wmcn.org.au/images/large/Triglochin%20striata.JPG
Triglochin striata
(Streaked Arrowgrass)


20-38 cm x 1-3 m

Slender, loose racemes with many tiny greenish-yellow flowers.

Moist poorly drained soils to shallow water. Full sun, semi-shade.