Groundcovers, Climbers, Creepers

Grasses, Tussocks and  Lilies

Pond, Greywater and Swamp Plants

Small Shrubs (under 1 metre)

Large Shrubs (1- 3 metres)

Small Trees (up to 10 metres)

Large Trees (over 10 metres)

Acaena ovina
(Sheeps Burr)

25-50 cm x 30 cm

Rosette ore erect tufted perennial herb. White flowers with dark purple stamens form in a spike and has green spiny burrs.
Brunonia australis
(Blue Pincushions)

10-35 cm x 10-15 cm

Rosette of spoon-shaped leaves and dense blue flowerheads.

Often short-lived in cultivation. Makes an excellent container plant.
Calocephalus lacteus
(Milky Beauty Heads)

15-50 cm x 10-30 cm

Sprawling shrub, soft grey leaves, white button flowers.

Moist soils tolerating inundation and some salinity. Full sun, semi-shade.
Calotis scabiosifolia var integrifolia
(Rough Burr Daisy)

Hairy perennial herb with mauve flowerheads on long stalks.

Chrysocephalum apiculatum
(Common Everlasting)

Prostrate - 30 cm x 1-2 m

Spreading dense shrub, terminal clusters of yellow flowers.

Well drained soils. Full sun.

An excellent rockery plant. Prune regularly.
Chrysocephalum semipapposum
(Clustered Everlasting)

0.3-1 m x 1-3 m

Wooly aromatic herb, golden flowers.

Variable, from moist to dry soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Requires hard pruning of old growth.
Coronidium scorpioides (Helichrysum scorpioides)
(Button Everlasting)

Synonyms: Helichrysum scorpioides, Helichrysum rutidolepis

20-30 cm x 20-30 cm

Spreading herb, yellow flowers. The foothills form has paler flowers and less leaves on stalk.

Moist well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

An attractive rockery plant.
Craspedia variabilis
(Billy Buttons)

15-60 cm x 0.5-1 m

Variable tufted perennial herb, yellow flowers on long stalks.

Shallow, well drained to moist sandy to clay soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Spectacular in flower. May be grown in containers or rockeries or used in massed plantings.
 Cymbonotus preissianus
(Bear's Ears)

Prostrate x 10-30 cm

Hairy annual or perennial herb forming a flat rosette. Single yellow daisy flowerheads.

Dry to moist clay soils. Semi-shade to full shade. 
 Cynoglossum suaveolens
(Sweet Hound's-tongue) 

10-50 cm x 0.5-1.5 m

Basal rosette of wavy spoon-shaped leaves. Small, highly fragrant white flowers.

Moist, well drained soil. Full sun, semi-shade.

Useful for containers or on embankments. Responds well to light pruning.
 Derwentia derwentiana
(Derwent Speedwell)

0.6-1.4 m x 0.5-1 m

Upright to straggly open perennial shrub. Terminal sprays of white or pale-blue flowers.

Moist well drained soil.

Hard pruning encourages more vigorous growth.
Epacris impressa
(Common Heath)

0.5-1.5 m x 20-60 cm

Open, wiry shrub with masses of white or pink flowers. Victoria's floral emblem.

Moist, well drained soil, tolerating limited dry or wet periods once established. Semi-shade.

An attractive rockery plant. Gonocarpus tetragynus
(Common Raspwort)

10-30 cm x 20-40 cm

Erect bushy herb with loose spikes of tiny pinkish-red flowers.

Moist to dry, well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.
Hibbertia riparia
(Erect Guinea-flower)

Synonym: Hibbertia stricta

30-100 cm x 60 cm

Showy plant with pale yellow flowers and dull green leaves.

Moist well drained soil, responding to summer watering. Full sun, semi-shade.
Hovea heterophylla (Hovea linearis)
(Common Hovea)

Synonym: Hovea linearis

30-60 cm x 30 cm

Open trailing or erect plant with mauve pea flowers along the stems.

Dry well drained soil. Semi-shade to full shade.

A dainty little plant to grow amongst other plants and under eucalypts.
Lagenophora gracilis (Lagenifera gracilis)
Slender Bottle Daisy)
Synonyms: Lagenifera gracilis

To 25 cm x 8 cm

Basal rosette of dark green leaves with small mauve or white flowers on stalks.

Well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Suitable for containers.
Lagenophora stipitata (Lagenifera stipitata)
(Blue Bottle Daisy)
Synonym: Lagenifera stipitata

5-25 cm high

Hairy dark green leaves with mauve flowers on stalks.

Adaptable to moist well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.
Leptorhynchos squamatus
(Scaly Buttons)

15-40 cm x 40 cm

Yellow flowers held above foliage on long scaly stalks.

Well drained moist to seasonally inundated soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Summer watering is beneficial.
Leptorhynchos tenuifolius
(Wiry Buttons)

10-30 cm x 30 cm

Wiry, branched perennial with single yellow flowers held erect.

Prefers well drained situations but tolerates some moisture. Full sun, semi-shade.
Leptospermum continentale
(Prickly Tea-tree, dwarf form)

Dense bush with masses of white flowers.

Adaptable, tolerating both well drained and moist to wet soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

 Linum marginale
(Native Flax)

30-80 cm x 30 cm

Slender erect bluish perennial herb.

Moist well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Cut back hard each year in late autumn to encourage vigorous new growth.
Olearia erubescens
(Moth Daisy Bush)

1-1.5 m x 1-1.5 m

Small loose panicles of white to pink flowerheads with yellow centres.

Well drained soils tolerating dryness once established. Full sun, semi-shade.

Looks good planted amongst other shrubs.
Olearia myrsinoides
(Silky Daisy Bush)

0.3-1 m x 1-1.5 m

Open, spreading shrub, white flowers.

Well drained and rocky soils tolerating extended dry periods once established. Semi-shade.
Pimelea curviflora
(Curved Rice-flower)

15-50 cm x 10-50 cm

Dull green, curved leaves with yellow-green flowers.

A variable species. Possibly toxic to stock.
Pimelea humilis
(Common Rice-flower)

10-30 cm x 0.3-1 m

Erect or straggling small shrub with dense creamy-white flowerheads.

Moist to dryish well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Can be planted under established trees.
Plantago debilis
(Slender or Shade Plantain)

Tuft 3-25 cm high.

Rosetted perennial herb with slender spikes of pale green flowers.

Moist to well drained loamy soil. Semi-shade.
Plantago varia
(Variable Plantain)

10-20 cm x 15-30 cm

Rosetted perennial herb with dense spikes of brown flowers on stalks.

Well drained dryish soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Plantylobium obtusangulum
(Common Flat-pea)

0.6-1 m x 0.6-1.8 m

Spreading, clumping or arching shrub. Yellow flowers with red centres. 

Prefers drier well drained soils. Semi-shade.

Leaf shape is variable.
Pteris tremula
(Tender Brake)

0.6-1.5 m high

A very attractive fern. Fronds to 1.5 m long.

Moist well drained to poorly drained soils. Semi-shade to full shade.
 Pterostylis curta
(Blunt Greenhood)

10-30 cm high

Rosette of ovate or oblong leaves. Single erect green and white striped flower.

Moist to well drained soils. Semi-shade to full shade.

An easily grown free flowering plant that forms vast flowering colonies.
 Pterostylis pendunculata
(Maroon Hood)

To 25 cm high 

Rosette of long-stalked, prominently veined ovate to oblong green leaves. Single erect green and white flower. Tip of maroon.

Moist soil from sand to clay. Semi-shade to full sun.

Forms small dense colonies beneath low shrubs and grasses or protected by tree trunks.
Pultenaea gunnii
(Golden Bush Pea)

0.5-1.5 m x 0.5-1 m

Wiry erect or straggling shrub with golden flowers.

Well drained soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Spectacular in flower. Grows well under established trees.
Pultenaea pedunculata
(Matted Bush-Pea)

Prostrate x 1-3 m

Densely matted plant with yellow & red flowers.

Well drained soils, tolerating dry periods once established. Full sun, semi-shade.

An excellent groundcover. Useful for soil-binding and cascading over rockeries and retaining walls.

Senecio campylocarpus

To 1.5 m x 1-1.5 m

Erect perennial herb. Loose clusters of brown bottle-shaped flowers.

Moist clay and loams, winter-wet soils. Full sun, semi-shade.

Senecio hispidulus
(Rough Fireweed, Hill Fireweed)

Synonyms: Senecio hispidulus var hispidulus, Senecio hispidulus var dissectus

0.2-1.3 m high

Erect perennial herb with branched clusters of inconspicuous flowerheads. Leave margins variably toothed and dissected.
Senecio linearifolius
(Fireweed Groundsel

1-1.7 m x 1-2 m

Erect perennial herb with large flat-topped clusters of numerous small flowerheads.

Moist soils. Semi-shade to full shade.

A brilliant display in flower.
Senecio quadridentatus
(Cotton Fireweed)

0.4-1 m x 0.5-1 m

Erect perennial herb with stems and leaves covered with cottony hairs.

Very adaptable to most soils except waterlogged conditions. Full sun, semi-shade.
Sphaerolobium minus
(Eastern Globe-pea)

20-60 cm x 20-50 cm

Leafless plant with spikes of yellow pea flowers.

An attractive rockery plant. Rarely seen around Melbourne.
Sphaerolobium vimineum
(Leafless Globe-pea)

0.3-1 m x 0.3-1 m

The wings of the pea flower are longer than the keel, and the bracteoles are green.

Full sun, semi-shade.
Tetratheca ciliata
(Pink Bells)

20-3- cm x 20-40 cm

An erect clumping shrub with fragrant mauve to white flowers.

Prefers morning sun. Attractive in flower, it can be grown in containers or rockeries.
Veronica gracilis
(Slender Speedwell)

15-30 cm x 1 m

Slender, erect herb with pale mauve cup flowers.

Moist, well drained and seasonally wet soils. Full sun to full shade.
 Xanthosia dissecta var. dissecta
(Cut-leaf Xanthosia)

5-10 cm x 20-30 cm

Spreading perennial herb. Tiny green or reddish flowers.

Xerochrysum palustre
(Swamp everlasting)

0.3-1 m x 0.2-1 m

Erect perennial herb, rarely branched. Single shiny golden-yellow flowerheads.

Moist to wet heavy clay soils. Full sun.

A threatened species.
Xerochrysum viscosum
(Sticky everlasting)
Synonym: Bracteantha viscosa

20-90 cm x 0.3-1 m

Much branched sticky herb with showy bright yellow flowers.

Well drained soils. Full sun.

Prune to encourage bushiness.