Groundcovers, Climbers, Creepers

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GROUNDCOVERS, CLIMBERS & CREEPERS

Acacia aculeatissima

(Snake wattle)

0.2-0.6 m x 1-2 m

Light open sprawling shrub. Branchlets ribbed, covered in short, stiff hairs.

Yellow ball flowers, July - Sept.

Excellent for rockeries or banks.

Acaena novae-zelandiae

(Bidgee Widgee)

Prostrate x 1-4 m

Perennial herb. Rambling mat plant with sparse to densely hairy stems.

Adaptable, tolerating wet or dry conditions; full sun to shade.

Acrotriche prostrata

(Trailing Ground Berry)

Prostrate - 15 cm x 1-2 m

Open trailing plant, stems rooting at intervals, branchlets softly hairy.

Greenish translucent, tubular flowers.

Moist friable soil. Semi-shade to full shade.

Ideal for growing with ferns.

Acrotriche Serrulata

(Honeypots)

10-30 cm x 0.5-1 m

Slow-growing, dense mounding shrub.

Greenish translucent tubular flowers rich in nectar.

Most well drained soils tolerating dry periods. Semi-shade to dappled shade.

Flowers have a strong honey fragrance.

Adiantum aethiopicum

(Common Maidenhair)

10-45 cm x spreading

Carpeting groundcover fern. Fronds tufted aling vigorous rhizomes.

A well known and reliable fern which can cover large areas in ideal conditions. Suitable as a container or basket plant if kept moist and protected from drying winds.

Austrocynoglossum latifolium

(Forest Hounds Tongue)

Synonyms: Cynoglossum latifolium

0.5-1.5 m x 0.5-2 m

Weak-stemmed, straggling prickly perennial.

Ovate, hairy leaves with small bluish flowers.

Moist soil in sheltered areas; semi-shade to dappled shade.

Billardiera scandens

(Velvet Appleberry)

To 1.2 m high

Thickish, oblong, dull green leaves.

Light climber, pale bell flowers.

Berries were eaten by Aborigines.

Bossiaea prostrata

(Creeping Bossiaea)

Prostrate x 0.5-1.5 m

Groundcover, yellow and brown pea flower.

Variable foliage.

Grows well under other plants.

Brachyscome multifida

(Cut Leaf Daisy)

10-40 cm x 0.2-1 m

Fast growing, suckering perennial herb forming dense spreading groundcover.

Profuse pale mauve, pink or white flowerheads. Flowers most of the year.

Moist clay soils, tolerating dryness once established; full sun to full shade.

Popular ornamental plant.

Calystegia marginata

(Forest Bindweed)

Twining stems to 1-2 m

Creeper with arrow-shaped leaves and white to pink funnel-shaped flowers.

Moist to wet areas; semi-shade to full shade.

Masses of short-lived flowers are produced. Regular pruning is beneficial. Water during dry periods.

Clematis aristata

(Austral Clematis)

Climbs to 15+m

Vigorous climber with masses of creamy white starry flowers.

Feathery seed heads persist on the female plant for some time.

Clematis microphylla

(Small-leafed Clematis)

Climber to 5m high

Dense climber.

Masses of starry cream flowers and fluffy seed.

Well drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.

Desmodium gunnii

(Slender tick-trefoil)

20-50 cm x 20-50 cm

Slender scrambling herb which dies back to its rootstock in summer. White to yellowish pea flowers.

Well drained soils, tolerating dry periods once established. Full sun, semi-shade.

Dichondra repens

(Kidney Weed)

Prostrate, creeping herb, spreads to 2m.

Moist to well drained soils; semi-shade to full sun.

Alternative to grass with light foot traffic.

Glycine clandestina

(Twining Glycine)

Twining 0.3-2 m high

A slender, open twiner with bluish-mauve pea flowers.

Stiff, hairy leaves.

Moist well-drained soils tolerating dry periods once established; semi-shade to full shade.

Glycine tabacina

(Vanilla Glycine)

Stems 0.2-2 m long

A perennial with racemes of blue to purple flowers.

Well drained soils, tolerating dryness once established; full sun, semi-shade.

Not tolerant of a heavy frost.

Aborigines chewed the liquorice-flavoured tap root.

Goodenia lanata

(Trailing Goodenia)

Prostrate x 0.5-1.5 m

Dark green foliage, yellow flowers on long stalks.

Tolerates extended dry periods once established; full sun, semi-shade.

Attractive in a container and trailing amongst other plants.

Hardenbergia violacea

(Purple Coral Pea)

Open creeper or wiry scrambler.

Leathery dark green ovate to lanceolate leaves.

Axillary sprays of 10-30 purple pea flowers.

Well drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.

Hydrocotyle hirta

(Hairy Pennywort)

Carpeting perennial herb.

Tiny pale yellow flowers.

Round kidney-shaped leaves.

Moist soil; semi-shade to full shade.

Hypericum gramineum

(Small St. John's Wort)

25 cm x 5-20 cm

Erect perennial herb, stems often ridged.

Blue-green oblong leaves with orange-yellow flowers in loose clusters.

Moist soils tolerating moisture and summer dryness; full sun, semi-shade.

Kennedia prostrata

(Running Postman)

Prostrate x 1-2.5 m

Crinkly and hairy grey-green leaves,

Scarlet long-stemmed pea flowers.

Well drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.

Drought tolerant once established. Grows well in a hanging basket.

Linum marginale

(Native Flax)

30-80 cm x 30 cm

Slender erect bluish perennial herb.

Open, clear blue flowers.

Ascending, narrow leaves.

Moist well drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.

Cut back hard in late autumn to encourage new growth.

Microtis unifolia

(Common Onion-orchid)

15-90 cm high

Dense spike of several pale to golden-green erect flowers.

Moist to dry soils, well-drained rocky situations; full sun, semi-shade.

May form extensive colonies.

Pandorea pandorana

(Wonga vine)

Scrambler or climber 6+ m

Dense and vigorous climber.

Glossy dark green leaves, cream bells.

Moist well drained soil; full sun, semi-shade.

Very showy when in flower. Grows well amongst established trees or over a pergola.

Pelargonium australe

(Austral Storks Bill)

30-60 cm x 0.3-1 m

Soft, perennial herb forming a clump.

Aromatic rounded leaves with clusters of white or pink flowers.

Well drained soils, often on ricky outcrops, tolerating dryness once established; full sun, semi-shade.

Useful rockery plant.

Pelargonium littorale

(Coast StorksBill)

20-40 cm x 0.3-1 m

Erect perennial herb with long stalked clusters of pink flowers.

Well drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.

An attractive plant for small gardens and containers.

Platylobium infecundum

(Famine Flat-pea)

Separated from Platylobium formosum

Prostrate x 1-2 m

Spreading suckering shrub.

Heart-shaped leaves with large yellow & red pea flowers.

Moist to well drained soil. Semi-shade.

Platylobium obtusangulum

(Common Flat-pea)

0.6-1 m x 0.6-1.8 m

Spreading, clumping or arching shrub.

Triangular leaves with sharp points. Flowers yellow with red central markings.

Prefers drier well drained soils. Semi-shade.

Ranuculus lappaceus

(Austral Buttercup)

10-60 cm x 30-60 cm

Soft, sparsely to densely hairy, tufted perennial herb, long spreading hairs on lower stem.

Singles or pairs of golden flowers on long, erect stalks.

Moist but not stagnant soils; full sun, semi-shade.

A bright, easy to grow herb for permanently moist areas.

Ranuculus plebeius

(Forest Buttercup)

10-40 cm x 20-60 cm

Tufted perennial herb covered with flattened or spreading hairs. Shiny yellow flowers.

Semi-shade to full shade.

Rubus parvifolius

(Small-leaf Bramble)

0.6-2 m x 0.5-3 m

Rambling small shrub to trailing plant covered in hooked thorns.

Short terminal sprays or single axillary deep ping flowers.

Well drained soils; semi-shade to full shade.

Can be trained as a climber.

Solenogyne gunnii

(Hairy Solenogyne)

Rosette of dull green leaves with erect flowering stalks with single , terminal, greenish flowerheads.

Prefers moist, shaded positions in poor soils.

Veronica plebeia

(Creeping Speedwell)

Prostrate - 30 cm x 1-2 m

Attractive ground cover in shady gardens, lavender flowers.

Moist well drained soils; full sun to full shade.

Spreads readily in ideal conditions, and makes an attractive groundcover in shaded gardens.

Viola betonicifolia

(Mountain Violet)

15-30 cm x 15-40 cm

Erect tufted perennial herb.

Basal rosette of dark green leaves.

Large purplish-blue to purple flowers with golden-yellow centres.

Moist to dryish well drained soil; semi-shade to full shade.

Viola hederacea

(Native Violet)

10-15 cm x spreading.

Tufted stoloniferous herb forming a dense mat.

Single violet flowers.

Dryish to moist soils; full sun to full shade.

A prolific grower once established.

Wahlenbergia communis

(Tufted Bluebell)

15-50 cm x 15 cm

Vigorous erect, branching perennial herb.

Pale to bright blue flowers on long stalks.

Moist well drained soils; full sun.

Wahlenbergia gracilis

(Sprawling Bluebell)

10-60 cm x 0.3-1 m

Sprawling annual or perennial herb.

Soft blue bell-shaped flowers.

Full sun; semi-shade.

Spreads readily in garden.

Wahlenbergia stricta

(Tall Bluebell)

20-50 cm x 30-40 cm

Erect, clumping herb.

Pale blue or white flowers.

Well drained soils; full sun, semi-shade.

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